Report Verification



Being based in a gem centre like Jaipur, GTL is exposed to a range of unusual and bizarre gem materials submitted for identification. Because of the dedication and passion our staff gemmologists possess, these gem materials undergo a thorough research for their complete understanding. The results of such research are shared with the world through publications in various highly read gemmological journals of international repute.

In The Press


Choudhary G. (2012) An overview of inclusions in Indian Gemstones. Presented at the GIT Conference 2012 held at Bangkok, Thailand from 12-13 December 2012. Abstract in proceedings volume

Due to the diverse geological setting, India hosts a large number of minerals and gemstones; hence, various types of inclusions have been found. This paper overviews the crucial types of inclusions found in various gemstones mined in different locations of India. Emphasis is given on the types of inclusions rather than the geographical and geological location, although, geographical location of the stone is provided where available along with the inclusions observed. In this paper, inclusions in around 21 different gemstone species have been studied, including apatite, beryl (emerald, aquamarine and other varieties), chrysoberyl (including alexandrite and cat's eye), corundum (ruby and sapphire), diopside (including star and cat's eye), epidote, feldspar (labradorite, moonstone, sunstone), fluorite, fuchsite, garnet (pyrope-almandine, hessonite), iolite, kyanite, quartz (rock crystal, citrine, smoky, rose, sagenitic, cat's eye and chalcedony-carnelian), scapolite, serpentine, sillimanite, sphene, spinel, topaz, vesuvianite and zircon.

Download PDF

Choudhary G. (2012) Green and orangy yellow calcite from Pakistan, Gems & Gemology, Vol. 48, No.3, pp 217-218

The author describes the properties of green and orangy yellow calcite recently discovered in marble quarry in Baluchistan province of Pakistan. The gemmological properties measured were typically associated with calcite; however, subtle banding was visible, caused due to fine acicular to fibrous crystals arranged in layers

Download PDF

Choudhary G. (2012) Golden coral, Gems & Jewellery, Vol. 21, No.2, pp 12-13

The Gem Testing Laboratory, Jaipur received a bead of golden coral which was not only impregnated but also coated with a thick layer of polymer/ plastic. Classified as horny type, golden coral habitually belongs to the Antipatharian order, Stichopathes, Cirrhipathes, Leiopathes, but some may also belong to order Zoanthiniaria, species Gerardia and order Alcyonacea. In addition to the structural features typically displayed by the horny type corals, this specimen displayed numerous large gas bubbles present in cavities as well as in layer towards the surface, indicating coating.

Download PDF

Choudhary G. (2012) Coated quartz imitation of rubellite tourmaline, Gems & Gemology, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp 154-155

A purplish pink sample fashioned as tumbled bead was brought to the author's attention by Kashish Sachdeva during the Jaipur Jewellery Show 2011. The bead's colour initially suggested rubellite tourmaline, but its dull lustre raised some suspicion of a coating. No features were readily visible to detect the presence of coating. Under desk model spectroscope, broad bands at around 580 and 650 nm was seen, indicating dye. Gemmological properties and absorption spectrum ruled out the possibility of tourmaline. Further microscopic examination with transmitted light revealed colour blotchiness and bleeding near some pits and cavities, evidence of surface related artificial colouration.

Download PDF

Powered by Gati Technlogies